Thursday, November 24, 2016

Thanksgiving Postcards

by Marian Matyn

In the Clarke, we have a section of the Display Items Collection that are holiday related cards and postcards. The turkeys are clearly the main focus of Thanksgiving postcard art. Here is a sample of historic holiday postcards celebrating Thanksgiving mostly circa 1910. Enjoy. Happy Thanksgiving.

Turkey- a truly patriotic American bird

Patriotic turkey over America

turkey pulling a pumpkin with a fairy in it. Why?

turkey with fall harvest scene

cutie and a turkey on gorgeous lush red background

cutie sans turkey with poem.
She could grace a postcard for any season

Freehold of Thanksgiving poem with turkey

Grapes and veg poem

harvest prayer poem

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Give to the Clarke Microfilm Project on Giving Tuesday

CLICK HERE TO DONATE TO THE MICROFILM PROJECT ENDOWMENT

2017 marks the golden anniversary of Clarke Historical Library Microfilm Program. And there is no better time than Tuesday, November 29, 2016, also known as Giving Tuesday, for you to help keep this program going strong for years to come. We hope you will help us reach our goal of establishing a $50,000 endowment to be used for preserving and making accessible the history of our state as told by our local newspapers.

Frank Boles, Director of the Clarke, recently explained in a blog post the history and significance of the Microfilm Project - click here to read it. He also mentioned the difficulties faced because of increasing costs of modern microfilming and digitizing technologies. 


How to donate

If you would like to be part of preserving and making Michigan’s history accessible, we ask that you click on the link at the top or bottom of this post in order to donate.After you click on the link, you will be taken to the Central Michigan University Giving Form. In step one, simply type Clarke Historical Library in the “search for funds” box and select “Clarke Historical Library Associates Program.” Then enter the amount you would like to give. In steps two and three, you can fill in information about yourself, your gift, and your contact information. In step four, type “Please use this gift for the Microfilm Project Endowment” in the “Additional Comments” box. From here, you can submit your donation and arrange for payment via credit card.

If you prefer to make you gift in the form of a check, please send a check made out to Central Michigan University to Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, 250 E. Preston Street, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859. Please be sure to note the Microfilm Project Endowment on your gift.

Again, we hope you will support the Clarke in our goal to preserve Michigan’s history in the form of newspapers and make that history available to anyone who is interested.

CLICK HERE TO DONATE TO THE MICROFILM PROJECT ENDOWMENT

The Clarke Historical Library Microfilm Project Endowment

by Frank Boles

To celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Clarke Historical Library Microfilm Program in 2017 the library is hoping to raise $50,000 to create an endowment supporting the ongoing work of preserving and making available to researchers Michigan’s newspaper heritage. We hope you will help us reach that goal. Much of our state’s local history hangs in the balance.

The Clarke Historical Library started the Microfilm Project in October 1967 after the staff raised the funds to purchase a microfilm camera. Director John Cumming had begun discussing a project to film Michigan newspapers in 1964. He recognized that Michigan’s newspapers represented the most complete documentation regarding the state’s history. Newspaper reporters often talk about writing “the first draft of history.” They’re right. If local newspapers are not preserved, the majority of the state’s local history would be lost.

The money to undertake the project did not come easily. With great determination, Cumming chased after every funding source he, or anyone else, could think of to support the project. At one point Cumming admitted he was disheartened. Nevertheless he continued and eventually the money was found.

When the money was finally assembled, one of the members of the Clarke Board asked Cumming when the project would be done. Cumming answered that as far as he could tell the need was endless, but the funding would last about five years. Cumming was right on both points. Many millions of newspaper pages were quietly rotting away and the money ran out long before the need was met.

To keep the project alive, the library staff made a unique, and sometimes challenging, decision to make the microfilm project self-funded. Unlike other library activities, the microfilm project would have to pay its own way, becoming for practical purposes a not-for-profit business. And perhaps to everyone’s surprise, the plan worked and it continues to do so to the very day.

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, change in the Microfilm Project seemed inevitable. Many said that electronic media would replace microfilm. Microfilm was old fashioned, hard to use, and generally inconvenient. Online resources were available round-the-clock, allowing for use at a time that met the researchers’ schedule. But a funny thing happened in the digital world. Scanned material proved to be a wonderful mechanism for distributing information to researchers, but a not very good means of preserving that information. Frequent data migration, new software, and the lack of standardized digital preservation formats led to a world where online sources became the preferred way to share historical newspapers, but a preservation nightmare. Microfilm continued to be the preferred solution for the long haul.


A Clarke employee inspects microfilm for scanning

The Clarke’s microfilm program embraced the world of digital content distribution. Beginning in 2008, the Library began to convert newspapers on microfilm into digital formats. Some of these appeared on our own website - https://www.cmich.edu/library/Pages/Digital-Collections.aspx. Others, with the help of the National Endowment for the Humanities, were made available on the Library of Congress website, Chronicling America - http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/. Still other projects were undertaken with the assistance of other libraries or historical societies, which purchased digitizing services from the Clarke and then made the digital images available either in-house at their library or through their own website. While we have embraced the digital world, we also continue to crank out good, old-fashioned, long-lived microfilm. In the last fiscal year (2015-2016) the Library produced over 460,000 digital scans. The Library staff also produced 123 reels of microfilm, approximately 120,000 images.

You would think at this rate we would soon run out of things to film and scan. But today John Cumming’s words about an “endless” number of newspapers still rings true. Although there may be an end someday, the end of newspaper preservation on microfilm and digitization of Michigan’s newspaper heritage is nowhere in sight.

Our ability to do carry out this enormous endeavor on a cost-recovery basis has become seriously challenged by the ever-increasing costs of both microfilm and digitization hardware and software. When the project began a good, reliable Kodak microfilm camera cost about $20,000 and could be relied on to work for what seemed forever -- the Clarke’s two Kodak cameras lasted about 40 years. Contemporary microfilm cameras cost nearly four times as much and have a life expectancy of about eight to ten years. Digital equipment is equally expensive and short lived. A microfilm scanner costs approximately $50,000 and has a life expectancy tied to ever-changing software.

Microfilm cabinets in the Clarke
In addition to the initial purchase price, these complex machines require ongoing service, paid for by annual service contracts. Service contracts for hardware and software today cost the library over $20,000 a year. But to go without the contracts is even more expensive because “a la carte” service is only available from a limited number of sources. For example, our current microfilm camera’s certified maintenance is only available from two places – Maryland and Utah. Without a service contract, we would begin a “service call” by paying the air fare for the technician to fly to Michigan, if one can be spared from clients with service contracts.

To be able to continue to offer relatively low priced microfilm and digitization services that primarily preserve and make accessible Michigan’s rich newspaper heritage we are asking that you join us in creating and operating endowment to celebrate the Microfilm Project’s golden anniversary. Hardware, software, and service contracts don’t grab much attention in the world of grants and giving. But like roads, the electric grid, water pipes and other infrastructure projects, they are ignored at our peril. The infrastructure that preserves Michigan’s newspaper heritage needs constant care and regular improvement. Please help make it possible by making a gift to the Clarke Historical Library Microfilm Project Endowment. Tax deductible gifts can be sent to the Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859 or they can be given on-line. Click here for more information about on-line gifts.

Monday, November 21, 2016

DigMichNews Grant Finalists Announced


The Clarke is pleased to announce the finalists for the 2017 DigMichNews Grant. In alphabetical order, the five communities vying for the opportunity to have 10,000 pages of newspapers on microfilm digitized and placed on-line (or 2,500 pages of un-microfilmed newspapers) are:

  • L'Anse (Baraga County)
  • Leelanau (Leelanau County)
  • New Baltimore (Macomb County)
  • Shelby (Oceana County)
  • Sterling Heights / Utica (Macomb County)

Read the proposals of all five communities on the Clarke's site and get ready for January 16, when postcard voting opens (Twitter voting opens January 23)!

Follow the Clarke Microfilming on Twitter (@DigMichNews) and Facebook (DigMichNews) for more information.

Monday, October 24, 2016

Clarke Joins National Film Inventory Site

by Marian Matyn

As part of our ongoing film project in the Clarke, processing student Jen Bentley and I are entering some of our films into the AVCC, an open source web application for rapid inventory of film, video, and audio materials. AVCC was developed with funding from the Library of Congress’ National Recording Preservation Board, the Metro NY Library Resource Council, and the NY State Documentary Heritage Program. The plan is to inventory film, video, and audio materials in production-based, archival, and other collections of unpublished media which are hard to access, uncataloged or not even inventoried. Also, it registers films which are suffering preservation issues, as so many are.

We have films in numerous collections. Tressa (a former student assistant in the Clarke) and I completed processing, identifying, rehousing and cataloging of non-Channel 9 & 10 films. SK and Jen (current student assistants) and I are still working on all those verbs for Channel 9 & 10 films. I think it is an excellent idea to register the films in AVCC for wider discoverability. I opened a free account for the Clarke and for each film we will fill in a template for each film we register. This is an important step in getting the Clarke acknowledged as holding films of interest at the state and national level and providing accessibility to a broader audience.

First, we added the 8mm and 16mm films in the Joe De Bolt collection documenting CMU Vietnam Moratorium student protests. The films are part of the Joe De Bolt Central Michigan University Vietnam Moratorium Committee Records, 1967,1983. The films are described in the Centra catalog record here: De Bolt catalog record

The films now appear under the heading of the Clarke: https://avcc.avpreserve.com/records/ (Must be signed in to a free account in order to view the record)

Here is how the films actually look:

De Bolt 8mm

and cover off

16mm

pamphlet

beautifully cored


We've also added two CMU. Films collection films documenting 1944 Homecoming and 1960s Homecoming and football events. The link to the catalog record is here: catalog record CMU Films

Jen and I both have to work together to add each film as we need to add additional information beyond what Tressa and I documented. We prioritized non-Channel 9 &10 films that we believe are of value to CMU, MI and nationally. As we finish processing, identifying, and rehousing Channel 9 &10 films we note which films are of particular interest to CMU, MI and nationally. These will be our next top priority to add to the national inventory.

We will not add all the films to the inventory. In most cases an example is part of a larger collection and the inventory information will lead interested researchers to those collections and additional films.

You can learn more about AVCC here at their blog https://www.avpreserve.com/blog/announcing-the-release-of-avcc-inventory-collection-management-tool/

There is also a review of the AVCC site in the American Archivists reviews portal here https://reviews.americanarchivist.org/2016/08/01/avcc/

Lastly thanks to Matthew Wilcox at Michigan State University Archives who has collaborated with us about film and informed me about the inventory site.